Hair Transplant Methods
When we look at the hair transplant methods, we first see the following three methods.
These are called Follicular Unit Transection [FUT], Follicular Unit Extraction [FUE] and Direct Hair Application.
When we look at the basic elements of these methods even if are the same, the FUT method, it is known as the Gold Standard in the world. Other methods have been developed based on the basic principle of the FUT method in areas such as anesthesia, healing process and patient comfort. In fact, all three methods have advantages and disadvantages over each other. The method used depends on the patient’s own decision, as well as the doctor’s.
1) FUT Method
Although the FUT technique, which is the oldest known technique, is more commonly called the strip method, it is known as a surgical method in everyday life. In hair transplant that use the FUT technique, haircut isn’t done. Since the hair follicles that will be transplanted will be removed from the area specified as the donor by cutting together with the skin, local anesthesia is applied to this area.
Since the FUT technique is performed with a surgical operation, a suture must necessarily be applied to the incision site. After the cut strips are cut into pieces, they are placed in the hair transplant zone. After 1 week after the procedure, it is necessary to remove the stitches thrown into the area used as a donor.
2) FUE Method
FUE technique is the most preferred hair transplant technique. It has been the most preferred method because it provides a natural appearance when it is done by experts. In the fue method, the hair follicles are removed one by one from the donor area with a special fue device without any conditions such as cuts, permanent scars, wounds, etc. The FUE technique is first started by cutting the hair. This procedure is performed using local anesthesia.
ADVANTAGES OF THE FUE METHOD OVER THE FUT METHOD
The most obvious and important advantage of the FUE method is that there is not much bleeding because the incision is not made as in the FUT technique.
A haircut is made in the FUE technique, but not in the FUT technique.
In the FUE method, not only the temporal parts of the scalp, but also other alternative areas such as the beard, chest, and legs can be used as donors.
After the procedure performed in the FUE technique, no traces remain.
In the FUE technique, no suture is required in the donor area, but in the FUT technique, the suture is sutured because an incision is made in the donor area.
- Inexperienced doctor or improper use of tools.
- The patient who is not informed about the method or is not sufficiently enlightened (bloodless, without a knife…)
- Patients with unrealistic expectations.
- Patients who need high volume for natural results.
3) Direct Hair Application
Besides the two most well-known application methods, the third is also known as direct hair application. In this method, the hair follicles are collected with the help of a medical pen called choi, which only specialists should use, and then the hair taken with this pen is placed directly on the skin without making an incision or opening a channel.
What are the advantages of this method?
- Simultaneous grooving and hair follicle placement allows you to place the collected hair follicles in place without waiting for a long time.
- Hair transplant more often and provides a more natural appearance.
- Due to it’s special apparatus, the waiting time of the roots during hair transplant is reduced. Thus, the risk of root loss is minimized.
- Current hair is not damaged. It is also a method that can be applied in patients who have not completed hair lose.
What are the disadvantages of this method?
- In order to use and master this method in the best way, the doctor and his/her team must go through a long training process.
- It is more expensive than other methods.
- Because the area will be narrow when transplantation to the hair area, Choi may damage the tips and other hair follicles when working in this narrow area.